Jonathan Holslag On world order and disorder

Can India Balance?

Disregarding even the nationalist line of India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the country has important strategic and economic reasons to balance against China. Delhi already made several attempts to do so: by strengthening its military capabilities, stepping up its regional diplomacy and by trying to rival China’s industrial prowess. This paper questions, though, whether India is also able to balance. This is because India got stuck between non-alignment and non-performance. On the one hand, it resists the prospect of a new coalition that checks China from the maritime fringes of Eurasia. On the other hand, it has failed embarrassingly to strengthen its own capabilities. (Read PDF file)